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名人字画的品种有哪些呢?

发布时间:2021-08-31 作者:大雅堂美术馆 文章来源:https://www.jndyt888.com/ 浏览量:

1、堂幅:俗称"中堂"因画幅较宽大,适宜悬挂在堂屋中间,故称为"中堂".
1. Hall frame: commonly known as "nave", it is called "nave" because the picture frame is wide and suitable for hanging in the middle of the main room
2、条幅:窄于堂幅之直幅谓之"条幅",特别是窄长的条幅,形如琴者又名"琴条".
2. Banner: the straight banner narrower than the hall banner is called "banner", especially the narrow and long banner, which is shaped like a piano, also known as "Piano Bar"
3、横披:即横幅的字或画.
3. Horizontal drape: the character or picture of a banner
4、手卷:就是把名人字画装裱成卷子,即名人字画横幅之长者,不适合悬挂,只可舒卷.卷子有大有小,手卷不仅便于案头展阅和临摹,而且适于保管、延长名人字画的寿命.
4. Hand scroll: it is to mount celebrity calligraphy and painting into a scroll, that is, the elder of celebrity calligraphy and painting banner. It is not suitable for hanging, but can only be stretched. The scroll has large and small. The hand scroll is not only convenient for desk reading and copying, but also suitable for keeping and prolonging the life of celebrity calligraphy and painting
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5、屏条:即书画成堂的屏条,常见的有四条、六条、八条、十二条最多为十六条. 不能单挂多有四季景或临摹名家的绘画等.
5. Screen strips: that is, the screen strips of calligraphy and painting. There are four, six, eight and twelve, up to 16. You can't hang more than four seasons or copy the paintings of famous artists alone
6、册页:就是把名人字画分成页数装裱成册子,称为"册页".册页一般分为八开、十二开、 十六开最 多为二十四开,都是双数.发现有单数者即为残缺,俗称失群册页册页有大有小, 最小的册页称为袖珍册页.
6. Album: it is to divide the calligraphy and painting of celebrities into pages and mount them into a booklet, which is called "album". The album is generally divided into eight, twelve and sixteen, up to twenty-four, all of which are even numbers. Those who find an odd number are incomplete, commonly known as "lost group album". The album has large and small, and the smallest album is called pocket album
7、对联:俗称对子.两条的字数一样多,上下文辞相呼应.故称"对子".另外,有"龙门对", 因字多不能直书一行,则写为两行,上条由右而左,头行字多末行字少下条,由左而右, 亦头行字多,末行字少,相对挂起,字如"门"字,故称之为"龙门对". 上条和下条均由右面左的一样写法的称之为"顺龙门".
7. Couplet: it is commonly known as couplet. The number of words in the two articles is the same, and the context words echo each other. Therefore, it is called "couplet". In addition, there is "Longmen pair". Because there are many words, it can not be written directly in one line, it is written in two lines. The upper article is from right to left, the first line is more, the last line is less, and the lower article is from left to right. There are many first line words and less last line words, which are hung relatively, such as the word "door", Therefore, it is called "Longmen pair". The upper and lower bars are written in the same way from the right to the left, which is called "Shun Longmen"
8、扇面:就是书画家,在扇面上写的字或画的画,故称之为"扇面".
8. Fan: it refers to the words or paintings written or painted on the fan by calligraphers and painters, so it is called "fan"
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