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名人字画收藏要做好哪些日常保养?

发布时间:2021-10-16 作者:大雅堂美术馆 文章来源:https://www.jndyt888.com/ 浏览量:

第一要去尘。名人字画收藏前,最好掸去名人字画表面的灰尘,防止把灰尘卷进名人字画,也要防止轴头中引起发霉或污染和虫蛀。对于绢本的名人字画尤应注意,灰尘落在绢缝里,一定要耐心把它清除,否则一遇潮气,名人字画的寿命就会缩短。此外,灰尘中潜伏着人眼看不到的虫卵,在温、湿度适宜时就变成成虫,日后便会蛀咬名人字画。因此,名人字画不应该一挂数年,因为挂的过程,就是缓慢风化、变质、褪色和损伤的过程。
First, go to the dust. Before collecting celebrity calligraphy and painting, it is best to dust the surface of celebrity calligraphy and painting to prevent the dust from being rolled into celebrity calligraphy and painting, and also to prevent mildew, pollution and moth eaten in the shaft head. We should pay special attention to the celebrity calligraphy and painting on silk. If the dust falls in the silk seam, we must patiently remove it, otherwise the life of celebrity calligraphy and painting will be shortened in case of moisture. In addition, hidden in the dust are insect eggs that cannot be seen by the human eye. When the temperature and humidity are appropriate, they become adults and will eat celebrity calligraphy and paintings in the future. Therefore, celebrity calligraphy and painting should not be hung for several years, because the hanging process is a process of slow weathering, deterioration, fading and damage.
第二要密封。收藏名人字画者最好能把名人字画用牛皮纸包裹好放入密封性能好的箱子或柜子里,同时在箱角处放上樟脑块等驱虫用品,以防虫蛀。再放入吸水性能好的土纸,则可保名人字画安然无恙,延长名人字画寿命。
Second, seal. Those who collect celebrity calligraphy and paintings should better wrap celebrity calligraphy and paintings with kraft paper and put them in a box or cabinet with good sealing performance. At the same time, put moth repellent products such as camphor blocks at the corner of the box to prevent moths. Then put in the clay paper with good water absorption performance, it can ensure the safety of celebrity calligraphy and painting and prolong the service life of celebrity calligraphy and painting.
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第三要防潮。夏季,天气比较潮湿,收藏名人字画的藏友要更加注意这一点。潮湿一是要选择不潮湿的墙壁张挂,并要在室内避开有水蒸气的地方,预防平时的湿气附在名人字画上;二是当雨季到来之前,应暂时将裸露的名人字画收藏起来,梅雨季过后,及时选晴朗、干燥的天气,将名人字画逐一展开或张挂,以便在通风中驱散潮气。
Third, damp proof. In summer, the weather is humid. Collectors of celebrity calligraphy and painting should pay more attention to this. First, choose non humid walls to hang, and avoid places with water vapor indoors to prevent the usual moisture from attaching to celebrity calligraphy and paintings; Second, before the rainy season, the exposed celebrity calligraphy and paintings should be collected temporarily. After the rainy season, the sunny and dry weather should be selected in time, and the celebrity calligraphy and paintings should be unfolded or hung one by one, so as to disperse the moisture in the ventilation.
第四要避光。因名人字画一般都以纸、绢等为载体,阳光中的紫外线会使纸、绢的纤维变质以致泛黄、褪色、发脆,造成名人字画的损坏,从而缩短名人字画的寿命。所以,名人字画应放置于避光、阴凉、干燥和清洁的地方妥善保管。岑世英表示,自己收藏的众多名人字画中,如关山月、陈永康、叶其青等,无一不是好好地保护珍藏着的。他认为处理好手上的字画珍品,不仅对以后的字画收藏生涯可以带去一笔不小的财富,更能够为祖国的收藏事业及文化遗产做出贡献。
Fourth, avoid light. Because celebrity calligraphy and painting generally take paper and silk as the carrier, the ultraviolet in the sun will deteriorate the fibers of paper and silk, resulting in yellowing, fading and brittleness, resulting in damage to celebrity calligraphy and painting, so as to shorten the service life of celebrity calligraphy and painting. Therefore, celebrity calligraphy and paintings should be kept in a dark, cool, dry and clean place. CEN Shiying said that among his many celebrity calligraphy and paintings, such as Guan Shanyue, Chen Yongkang and ye Qiqing, all of them are well protected and cherished. He believes that handling the calligraphy and painting treasures in hand can not only bring a lot of wealth to the future calligraphy and painting collection career, but also contribute to the collection cause and cultural heritage of the motherland.
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