A style of Chinese calligraphy and painting. Form a square. Usually, four foot rice paper is used to cut two pieces, two feet high and two feet wide. Alternatively, four foot rice paper can be cut into eight pieces, known as "small pieces of Doufang" or "small pieces of Doufang".
Doufang is a square work written vertically. The written content generally consists of four to six lines. Due to the large number of rows and columns, the layout of the text should place great emphasis on the size, opening and closing, echoing, and rhythmic changes of the top, bottom, left, and right sides. When creating, it is important to pay attention to the primary and secondary relationship between the main text and the signature. The signature is generally smaller than the main text and should be natural and vivid. The signature can be written at the bottom of the last line of the main text, and there should be room for layout. The bottom of the model is generally not flush with the main text to avoid formality. It is also possible to occupy one or two additional lines after the main text, and the top and bottom should not be aligned with the main text. The seal should be smaller than the size of the seal, and should be separated by more than one character.
2. Three openings
A style of Chinese calligraphy and painting. It is rectangular in shape and of varying sizes. If four feet of rice paper is cut in three parts, it is called four feet three parts. If you use five foot rice paper to cut in three parts, it is called five foot three cut. By analogy, if they are all three feet apart, they have different sizes. A four foot three foot apart usually has a three foot screen (actually two feet seven inches, one-third of an eight square meter). Five feet and three openings are one-third of twelve square feet, with each opening having an area of four feet.
A style of mounting Chinese calligraphy and painting. Usually, two frames are hung in pairs. Like calligraphy, it is called "word alignment" or "couplet alignment". Ming and Qing painting has a "painting pair", which is two equally sized screen strips hanging in pairs. There are also vertical scrolls hanging in the center of the hall, with "character pairs" on both sides, or calligraphy on the central vertical scrolls hanging in the middle, with "picture pairs" hanging on both sides.
4. Middle Hall
The nave is a rectangular work written vertically. The size is usually one piece of whole rice paper (divided into four feet, five feet, six feet, eight feet, etc.), with the small nave measuring 68CM × 45CM). Due to the large size of the ruler, it is necessary for the creator to have proficient techniques and the ability to grasp the overall layout of the work. When creating, it is important to pay attention to the primary and secondary relationship between the main text and the signature, so that they are distinguished in terms of priority and shine accordingly. When signing a contract, it is strictly forbidden to invite guests to seize the main position. The signature can be written at the bottom of the last line of the main text, and there should be room for layout. The bottom of the model is generally not flush with the main text to avoid formality. It is also possible to occupy another line or several lines after the main text, and the top and bottom should not be aligned with the main text. The seal should be smaller than the type, and the seal generally needs to be placed one or more words away from the position. It can be placed below the type or on the left side of the type.
Banners are long, vertically written works. The size is usually a whole piece of rice paper cut in pairs. When arranging the composition, one should be able to carefully conceive and create new ideas based on the characteristics of the book. When creating, it is important to pay attention to the primary and secondary relationship between the main text and the signature,. The signature should be well arranged and natural and vivid. The signature can be written at the bottom of the last line of the main text, and there should be room for layout. The bottom of the model is generally not flush with the main text to avoid formality. It is also possible to occupy one or two separate lines after the main text, and the top and bottom should not be aligned with the main text. The seal should be smaller than the type, and the seal generally needs to be placed one or more characters away, or it can be placed on the left side of the type.
There are two common formats for banners:
① Written in two or three lines. Two line format. Write both lines on the left and right sides of the paper, leaving a lot of space in the middle. Pay attention to the rhythm of the connection between the upper and lower words, as well as the correspondence between the two lines. The signature is usually written at the end of the second line, slightly higher than the last word of the first line. The characters can be written in one or two lines. The format of the three lines should pay attention to the interrelationships between the three lines, interspersed with reflections and rhythmic changes. The signature can be placed at the bottom of the last line, slightly higher than the position of the first and second lines of the main text; You can also write a separate paragraph, which should be shorter than the main text and should not be parallel to the main text.
② Write a line in the middle (with fewer words). The written content generally includes maxims, epigrams, or a poem. The number of words is relatively small. When writing, it is important to pay attention to the opening and closing of the characters and the rhythm changes in order to be vivid. The signature can be divided into single and double styles. A single item is usually written in the middle of the left side. The content of the article includes the writing time, the author's name, or only the author's name or number. The seal should be placed below the type, usually in two directions, with an appropriate distance between the seals. Dropped double style, the previous style is written in the middle upper part of the right side of the work, usually indicating the time of creation of the work. If the work is given as a gift, the name or number of the recipient, title, and words such as Yazheng, Huicun, Qingshang, etc. need to be written.
Couplets, also known as couplets. It is divided into two parts: the upper part on the right and the lower part on the left. The size of the upper and lower links can be equal to the banner, or larger or smaller than the banner. The writing content of couplets is extremely strict, and can only consist of contrasting sentences (with equal numbers of characters in the upper and lower couplets, opposite tones, and no repetition of general characters), including couplets (commonly known as couplets) and the middle two couplets (chin couplets and neck couplets) in regular poetry. Dual sentences are commonly found in five or seven characters, with some ranging from three characters per couplet to several crosses or hundreds of characters per couplet. Rhythmic poetry can be divided into two types: five character and seven character. When arranging the composition of the five character and seven character couplets, the upper and lower couplets should be written vertically in the middle of a single line. Dual sentences above the cross should be written in double or multiple lines (pay attention to the writing order, with the upper couplet starting from right to left and the lower couplet starting from left to right. The double paragraph should be dropped at the end of the upper and lower couplets, with the paragraph slightly higher than the bottom of the main text). The positions of the upper and lower couplets should generally be basically parallel. Properly handle the size of the upper and lower characters in a single couplet, the changes in retraction and retraction, and the correspondence between the upper and lower couplets, so that the upper and lower couplets become a whole.
The signature of couplets below the cross can be divided into two types: upper and lower styles and single styles. The previous paragraph is written on the right side of the previous paragraph, and the next paragraph is written on the left side of the next paragraph. The previous paragraph generally states the author and title of the poem, such as "Huang Tingjian's Poems on the KuaiGe Pavilion". The following paragraph states the name and number of the writer, as well as the location and time of writing. If a work is presented as a gift, such as "Bingzi Xiantang Book in Beijing", the first couplet should indicate the recipient's name or title, title, and words such as Yazheng, Huicun, and Qingshang. For example, "Ms. Wenying Huicun", if someone asks you to write a work, the upper part should include the name or number of the person who asked you to write it, and the title should be accompanied by words such as "advice letter". A single item is usually written in the middle upper position on the left side of the lower section. The content of the article includes the writing time, the author's name, or only the author's name or number. The seal should be placed below the type, usually in two directions, with an appropriate distance between the seals.
This specifically refers to the folding fan, which is a special form. Due to the shape of the fan with a wide top and a narrow bottom, the crease pattern is also wide top and narrow bottom. This unique style requires us to make appropriate arrangements when creating.
There are three common forms of fanning.
Make full use of the upper end, not the lower end. This format is suitable for writing two words per line, arranged sequentially from right to left. Write the signature on the left side of the main text. The style should be longer, with characters ranging from one to several lines, and the seal should be smaller than the main text.
Write fewer numbers and use the width of the fan to write two to four characters horizontally from right to left. The handwriting should be well organized and can be written in several lines of small characters to complement the main text.
Write in sequence at the top and interlace at the bottom, creating a pattern of staggered length. This can avoid the situation where the upper end is sparse and the lower end is crowded, achieving harmony throughout the entire article. This format starts with a long line, preferably around five characters, and a short line with one or two characters. The signature should be exciting, usually written at the end of the main text, one or several lines can be used. The seal should be smaller than the signature.
This article is dedicated to the acquisition of celebrity calligraphy and painting. For more relevant knowledge, click on: https://www.jndyt888.com We will provide you with comprehensive services with a sincere attitude. We will gradually contribute more relevant knowledge to everyone. Stay tuned