1. Pigments are divided into two categories: minerals and chemical synthesis. The initial pigments were mostly mineral pigments, which were manually ground into fine particles before being mixed with nasal bleeding during painting. In modern times, it was produced in batches by factories, loaded into tin tubes, and the variety of pigments continued to increase. The performance of pigments is related to their chemical composition, and during color mixing, chemical reactions can cause adverse reactions between some pigments. Therefore, mastering the properties of pigments helps to fully utilize oil painting techniques and maintain the color of the work for a long time.
2. Turpentine is a volatile medical oil. In the modulation of oil paintings, it plays a role in diluting pigments. It can evaporate completely in one or two minutes and become dull after drying. Mix turpentine and toner in a certain proportion to achieve faster drying and brighter colors.
3. A paintbrush made of animal hair with moderate elasticity, including sharp circular, flat flat, short flat, and fan-shaped shapes.
4. A painting knife, also known as a color mixing knife, is made of elastic thin steel sheets, which can be pointed or circular in shape. It is used to evenly mix pigments on a color palette. Many painters also use a knife instead of a pen to directly draw or partially form pigment layers and textures on the canvas, increasing expressiveness.
5. Canvas, a standard canvas, is made by tightly pressing linen or canvas onto a wooden inner frame, mixing it with glue or oil and white powder, and applying it to the surface of the cloth. Generally, it is made into a non oil absorbing and textured base, or a semi oil absorbing or fully oil absorbing base according to creative needs. The thickness of the fabric pattern depends on the size of the painting and also depends on the needs of the painting effect. Some painters use canvas with a painted background color, which can easily form a unified color tone in the picture, and even inadvertently expose the background color when painting. After being coated and made, non oil absorbing wooden boards or cardboard can also replace canvas.
7. Outer frame: A complete oil painting work includes outer frames, especially those with strong realism. The outer frame forms the boundary of the viewer's perspective on the work, making the picture appear complete and concentrated. The objects in the painting develop in depth in the viewer's perception. The thickness and size of the frame depend on the content of the work. The outer frames of classical oil paintings are mostly made of wood and gypsum, while the outer frames of modern oil paintings are mostly made of metal materials such as aluminum alloy.